There are stages of film production that must be passed together. Film is a collective work, no film can be made alone. Films are made from the efforts of a group of people consisting of several departments, who support each other.
The film itself is made in several stages: pre-production, production, and post-production. These three stages are the essence of filmmaking. However, there are two stages that are not widely known by filmmakers: development or scenario development and film distribution or delivery of films to meet the audience.
At this stage, what is done is developing ideas, determining the type of story, genre and format, writing a screenplay. Ideas can come from anywhere for example; from novels, true stories, and others. There is a triangle system, namely producer, director and scriptwriter.
After getting an idea, they will work together to create a premise, synopsis, treatment and then a scenario. Furthermore, the producer and director prepare the treatment to convey it to investors. If successful, the film will receive funding for production.
2. Pre Production
In this stage of film production, every step taken must be carefully designed and planned. Because at this stage is very decisive for the next stage. There are those who argue that at this stage all concepts that need to be debated should be debated rather than having reached the new production stage, debating and it takes a lot of time, effort and thought.
Planning at this stage includes; cost planning, scheduling, script analysis which is divided into (character analysis, wardrobe analysis, setting and property analysis), master breakdown, hunting which is divided into (location hunting and location determination, property and wardrobe hunting, casting, crew recruitment and equipment rental) , and the last one is production design.
This stage is the stage where all the material planned in the previous two stages is still raw to be recorded both images and sound. If careful planning will make it easier to produce good production. However, often what is planned and in the field there is a change. It takes the ability to make good decisions and not panic easily if there are sudden changes.
4. Post Production
At this stage the recording will be done editing, sound arrangement, adding effects, scoring music, and color grading. For at this stage, it is not only an editor who plays a role in determining the pieces of the image. However, directors and producers also need to maintain the integrity of the story.
This is the final stage of film production, where the film will be distributed to the audience. There are several distributions of films, including: cinemas, alternative screenings, festivals and media such as DVDs. This distribution selection needs to be carefully considered, even before the film is produced. So that the film can be right on target (audience).